Where did that come from? The several instances point to details of the confirming evidence. (1) The unity of the Spirit is revealed in the title, One Spirit (Eph 4:4). And given the earnest of the Spirit.--Better, for the same reason as before, gave. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. Five titles are found relating the Holy Spirit to the Son: (1) Spirit of Christ (Rom 8:9; 1 Pet 1:11); (2) Spirit of Jesus Christ (Phil 1:19); (3) Spirit of Jesus (Acts 16:7 Revised Version); (4) Spirit of His Son (Gal 4:6); (5) Spirit of the Lord (Acts 5:9; 8:39). An examination of the Scriptural revelation on the Holy Spirit will indicate that He is nowhere given a formal name, such as we have for the Second Person, the Lord Jesus Christ, but is rather given descriptive titles, of which the most common in Scripture and in common usage is the Holy Spirit. The Greek word for "earnest" (arrhabon), which occurs here for the first time, and is used only by St. Paul in the New Testament (2Corinthians 5:5; Ephesians 1:14), has a somewhat interesting history. The sum of this revelation is such that it constitutes conclusive evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. The Nicene Creed, for instance, states: “And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and Son together, is worshipped and glorified.”9 The Athanasian Creed speaks of it more briefly, “The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son, neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.”10 In more recent times, the Articles of the English Church state the doctrine: “The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory, with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.”11 The Westminster Confession of Faith has a similar statement: “In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). God put it in his heart. We may see, then, in the work of both the Son and the Spirit, an illustration of the respective doctrines of eternal generation and procession. Ephesians 1:14 The word translated guarantee ("earnest," KJV) in reference to the Holy Spirit means "a pledge," "a security that more will follow." The Spirit of His son has been "sent forth into the heart" (Galatians 4:6); the "earnest of the Spirit" has been given "in the heart" (2 Corinthians 1:22). In a different way, Isaiah experienced such a cleansing and preparation in his call to service (Isa 6:6, 7). 2C iiC 2Cor ii cor iicor). The very character of His works makes it impossible to interpret the Scriptures properly without assuming His personality. The doctrine of the deity of the Holy Spirit has an intimate logical relation to the doctrine of the personality of the Spirit. For the sake of analysis, however, His Person will be considered first, with reference to His work only where necessary, leaving to later discussion the aspects of His work throughout the ages. (2) The Holy Spirit possesses life (Rom 8:2) which is an essential of personality. International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, v.s., Oil. Three titles affirm the holiness of the Spirit: (7) Spirit of Holiness (Rom 1:4), a possible reference to the holy human spirit of Christ; (8) Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost (Ps 51:11; Matt 1:20; Luke 11:13), the most formal title of the Spirit and most frequently used; (9) Holy One (1 John 2:20). It was used in the anointing of the priests and the consecration of the tabernacle (Lev 8). [⇑ See verse text ⇑] The final verse of this first major section calls the Holy Spirit "the guarantee" of those parts of the inheritance which we do not yet have. We may conclude as Charles Hodges does: “He is therefore presented in the Scriptures as the proper object of worship, not only in the formula of baptism and in the apostolic benediction, which bring the doctrine of the Trinity into constant remembrance as the fundamental truth of our religion, but also in the constant requirement that we look to Him and depend on Him for all spiritual good, and reverence and obey Him as our divine teacher and sanctifier.”8. “Salvation” says yet another. In the nature of the case, every discussion of any portion of either the Person or work of the Holy Spirit has a bearing on the doctrine of His personality. From the various uses of oil in the Bible, we may conclude that oil bespeaks of holiness, sanctification, revelation, illumination, dedication, and healing. And, of course various explanations abound as to what that “gift of the Holy Spirit” is. Five of the titles of the Holy Spirit refer to some extent to Him as the author of revelation and wisdom: (10) Spirit of Wisdom (Exod 28:3; Eph 1:7); (11) Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding (Isa 11:2); (12) Spirit of Counsel and Might (Isa 11:2); (13) Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2); (14) Spirit of Truth (John 14:17). Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Plural. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.”12. John 6:27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed. The doctrine of procession has to do with the being and eternity of the Holy Spirit in His relation to the Father and the Son. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Letters: 2 Corinthians 1:22 Who also sealed us and gave us (2 Cor. In verse 13, the Holy Spirit was called a "seal;" here He is also called a guarantee. The use of a dove as a type of the Holy Spirit is strikingly brought to our attention in the description of the baptism of Christ. Though Christ may be said to have proceeded from the Father, it cannot be said of the Spirit that He is generated. As πνεῦμα is neuter, it would naturally take neuter pronouns to have grammatical agreement. In the tabernacle, the pure olive oil which kept the lamp burning continually in the holy place speaks eloquently of the ministry of the Holy Spirit in revelation and illumination, without which the showbread (Christ) would be unseen in the darkness, and the way into the holiest of all would not be made plain (Exod 27:20-21). They seem to bear no special relation to chronology, as they appear chiefly in Isaiah (750 B.C. It must be admitted that the study of His Person is never complete without the complement of the revelation of His Person in His works. Likewise the apostolic benediction as recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14 indicates an equality in respect to personality of the members of the Trinity. They were to be clothed with power. See more. (3) The Holy Spirit is omnipresent (Ps 139:7), an attribute only God may possess. (1) It may be noted that the Holy Spirit possesses the essential of mind or intelligence. This article was taken from the Theological Journal Library CD and posted with permission of Galaxie Software. All the future blessings of God are assured by the presence of the Holy Spirit. It is a present possession (as in Acts 7:5), which shall be developed into a more precious future. Another instance of identification of Jehovah and the Holy Spirit is found in Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 10:15. In the plural, it sometimes signifies distress and tribulation (Ps 69:2, 14). On that occasion all four Gospels mention that the Holy Spirit descended upon Christ in the form of a dove (Matt 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32). Is it medically safe to engage in ten days of total fasting monthly taking only water. The accepted meaning of ἀρραβών, translated earnest in its three occurrences in the New Testament (2 His movements are not governed by human will. Wisdom Concerning The Secret And Revealed Things, The Net Pastor's Journal, Eng Ed, Issue 38 Winter 2021. While the variations in the views of doctrine on the Person of the Holy Spirit have been many, the great body of orthodox and conservative theology has held to the personality of the Spirit, the proofs of which may be here considered. The Privileges Of A Believer: The Earnest Of The Spirit. In this frequently quoted verse, the Persons of the Trinity are displayed in all their equality, and accorded equal honor. During the last 19 years, as a pastor at Bethlehem, I have sought to pass on to young and old alike, in one form or another, the method of Bible study taught in this pamphlet. Our inheritance, our salvation, our glory, our fellowship with God, our likeness unto Him, our freedom from sin and its evils, all are represented in the token payment of the Person of the Spirit. The current trend has been to emphasize the present work of the Spirit without a due consideration of His Person without which His work has no real foundation. Personality, which is an attribute of His Person, is demonstrated by the actions of the Person. From the various lines of evidence, it is clear that the only tenable position for those who accept the Scriptures is to accept the full-orbed personality of the Holy Spirit. Recently made redundant from their jobs at a furniture store, where they mostly sat on a display sofa and reminisced about old times, Barb (Mumolo) and Star (Wiig) decide to leave their Midwestern town for the first time ever, paying a visit to the Florida party resort of Vista Del Mar in an effort to step out of their comfort zone and recapture the carefree spirit of their youth. No valid reason may be found for this except as indicating His personality. Hence, the Holy Spirit is accorded the same honor, position, and ministry as the other members of the Trinity. Synonym Discussion of earnest. Paul told us in verse 13 that the Holy Spirit has sealed us. Earnest definition, serious and zealous in intention, purpose, or effort: an earnest worker. He states that the first visit of the dove is significant of the visit of the Holy Spirit during the patriarchal and prophetic ages, vainly seeking a godly seed (Mal 2:15). The basic words in the original are also used in reference to entities other than the Holy Spirit. This is done unconsciously rather than deliberately, their relation to the Spirit effecting this response. Apostle Grace Lubega 2 Corinthians 1:20‭-‬22 (KJV); For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us. Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God; Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. As His Person is pure spirit, to which no material is essential, He is revealed in the Scriptures as the Spirit. Meaning it's 16:9 aspect ratio in a 4:3 format, which will appear as a much smaller picture on your TV screen. The identification is not of Person but of Essence. 2 Corinthians 5:5 Now he that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit. In like manner, if His Person be accepted, we are driven inevitably to the conclusion that He is God by the work He performs. In reference to the Spirit, then, water speaks of eternal life, of cleansing by washing, of the unlimited abundance of blessing, and spiritual refreshment. From the nature of the dove, however, it may be inferred that it speaks of beauty, gentleness, peace, and a heavenly nature. Without a doubt, the most tangible and conclusive evidence for the personality of the Holy Spirit is found in His works. Prolonged from a primary kar; the heart, i.e. From the assumption that the Holy Spirit is God, it may be deducted that every attribute of the Trinity is an attribute of the Holy Spirit. Question: "What is the seal of the Holy Spirit?" (3) The deity of the Holy Spirit is conclusive evidence of personality, as sustained in the material upholding the deity of the Holy Spirit to be given in a later section. The counterculture of the 1960s was an anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed throughout much of the Western world between the mid-1960s and the mid-1970s. Q. Subsequent articles will deal with the Work of the Holy Spirit.]. Should an Unbeliever Partake of Communion? The attributes of omniscience (1 Cor 2:10-11) is evidence of the existence of mind and intelligence on a plane of deity. A number of Scripture references indicate that the Holy Spirit constitutes a seal of the believer’s redemption (2 Cor 1:22; Eph 1:13; 4:30). Hence, it is possible to indicate merely the broad outlines of the argument for His deity. The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. (4) Omniscience belongs to the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 2:10-11), and (5) omnipotence, as illustrated in His work of creation (Gen 1:2). In connection with the sending forth of the dove from the ark by Noah, Dr. Herbert Mackenzie finds in the account an indication of the dispensational character of the ministry of the Spirit. of Genesis 38:17-18. Watson7 notes that inspiration of Scripture may be traced to God (Heb 1:1), to the Holy Spirit (2 Pet 1:21), and to the Spirit of Christ (1 Pet 1:11). His power is uncontrolled by human invention. It is necessary, therefore, to allow the context to determine the meaning of the word in all of its occurrences. The place itself he never can lose, inasmuch as his Head and Representative, Christ, occupies it on his behalf. Cummings lists eighty-eight references to the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.13 The American Standard Version of the Bible by means of initial capital letters indicates considerably more than this. 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